Guatemala has some of the poorest reproductive health indices and largest disparities in health in Latin America, particularly between indigenous and ladina women. To reduce these disparities, it is necessary to understand how indigenous women’s disadvantages in linguistic, socioeconomic or residential characteristics relate to their underutilization of reproductive health services. Much of the violence against women occurring now stems from the violence committed during the nation’s 36-year civil war, which officially ended in 1996. Violence against women was used as a counterrevolutionary tactic, where routine rape was commonplace. Today, violence against women is just as commonplace within Guatemalan society. The Sepur Zarco case shows how seriously a community can be affected for decades, even centuries, by multiple overlapping injustices – from colonial-era crimes to more recent human rights violations. In the end, the land reform was stymied by a CIA-sponsored military coup in 1954.

Overall, there seems to be a historical knowledge gap between Ancient Mayan Civilization time and the Guatemalan internal armed conflict that lasted from 1960 until 1996. The family of a young Guatemalan woman believed to be among 19 victims of a massacre in northern Mexico is urging the Mexican government to bring those responsible to justice. The next hearing in the trial is set for late April, but a bill making its way through Congress is putting the case in jeopardy. The legal initiative would grant broad amnesty to perpetrators of crimes against humanity during the 36-year civil war. Earlier in the morning, activists laid out 41 pairs of shoes in the plaza, each with a name of one of the teenage girls killed in the fire.

  • In my work in Southwestern Colorado with immigrants from Guatemala, most immigrants I worked with who migrated alone were, like Marvin, male and motivated to migrate because of poverty.
  • Institutional level, it is necessary to strengthen the main mechanisms for women, especially in the implementation of their mandate, coordination with other public offices and monitoring of national policies.
  • Lorena emphasized the importance of investing in an education system that facilitates social mobility since Guatemala has the highest proportion of young people in Latin America.
  • Post-intervention, all expressed satisfaction from their role and saw it as a positive experience.
  • The script-based interviews lasted between 20 and 45 min, were conducted in a location of the women’s choice, and were audio-recorded.
  • Junkabal, our local partner, works directly with families living near Guatemala’s city rubbish dump, providing educational opportunities related to training, health and nutrition.

After she got several death threats due to her feminist and land rights work, the community—overwhelmingly led by men—forced her to leave. By then, she had increasingly asserted that Indigenous lands cannot be defended without including the fight for the respect for Indigenous women’s bodies.

A military coup led by Colonel Carlos Castillo Armas ousts the democratically elected President, Jacobo Arbenz. Castillo reverses land reforms that benefited poor farmers and removes voting rights for illiterate Guatemalans for years to come. Like many other Maya Q'eqchi' women of Sepur Zarco, a small rural community in the Polochic Valley of north-eastern Guatemala, Ba Caal is still looking for the remains of her husband and son who were forcibly disappeared and most likely killed by the Guatemalan army in the early 1980s.

Community Involvement

Finally, Alejandra Colom moderated an exchange around the importance of readdressing gender inequalities in the legal sector among legal academics, legal practitioners, in-house counsels, law firms, and relevant civil society organisations. The discussion began with an introduction to the transforming the future of the legal profession through gender equality in the context of Latin America and Central America by Lizzette R. De Howarth, from the Law Society and Adriana Quiñonez, UN Women country representative.

This project will create safe and affordable family housing and support hundreds of local jobs within the community. A 2013 Nobel Peace Prize nominee, Paz y Paz became Guatemala’s attorney general in 2010 and soon became known for implementing improvements in a justice system known for corruption and impunity. Her prosecutors used DNA testing, wiretaps and technology to bring convictions for homicide, rape, violence against women, kidnapping and other crimes. In 2008, Guatemala passed a law, establishing special tribunals and sentencing guidelines for violence against women.

Why Dating A Guatemalan Woman Is Better/worse Than (alternative)

Participants were recruited until 24 mother–infant dyads had provided complete biological samples and survey information. Maternal supplementation during lactation could increase milk B-vitamin concentrations, but little is known about the kinetics of milk vitamin responses. Largely hindering its effectiveness in holding perpetrators accountable is fragmented implementation. Presently, only half of the country’s twenty-two judicial administrative departments have specialized courts. Cases in regions without access to specialized courts default to ordinary courts, which has proven consequential in the number of cases resolved by adjudication and the type of sentence rendered . A backlog of cases can overwhelm the court and jail systems and adversely affect the parties awaiting a hearing or trial . Second, it means an increasing number of cases were heard by the court and not outrightly dismissed for poor and untimely investigation.

Rates are even higher in rural areas where 53% of females are married before they are 18. Some reasons for early marriage is poverty, rigid gender norms, access to education, and tradition. After marriage, girls are expected to start a family and face a lot of pressure to get pregnant. "Complications in pregnancy and childbirth are the second highest cause of death for 15- to 19-year-old girls globally". In February 2016, the Sepur Zarco trial convicted two ex-soldiers of crimes against humanity for their sexual abuse of 11 indigenous Q’eqchi’ women, the forced disappearance of the women's husbands, and the murder of a woman and her two daughters. Expert witnesses called by the prosecution included Brazilian feminist academic Rita Segato. The women of the Q’eqchi” community received substantial reparations for the damage done by the convicted soldiers.

Our results also suggest that the language barrier for women who do not speak Spanish is the most important obstacle in indigenous women’s use of these services. Compared with other characteristics contributing to the ethnic differential in met demand for modern contraceptives, rural residence and education are less important.

There were no significant baseline differences between intervention and control women, in either sociodemographic or primary or secondary outcome measures. All recruited mothers were invited to complete the survey; out of the 155 study participants, 147 completed it at baseline, and 121 post-intervention. Research ethics boards at the Douglas Mental Health University Institute and Institute of Nutrition of Central America and Panama in Guatemala approved the study. In a study of this nature it is virtually impossible to keep allocation to groups concealed after the intervention starts. However, we made no announcements as to the allocation to any of the participants.