Turabian Structure Fast Guide. Test Paper in notes-bibliography for several pupils
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Effective in summertime, all programs of research (including both Divinity and non-Divinity studies) will now make use of one collection of formatting resources. Split templates are given for projects that don't require subheadings (generally in most cases, documents with not as much as ten pages when you look at the human body), along with the ones that do need subheadings (suitable for many papers with increased than ten pages within the body, and needed in papers with an increase of than twenty pages in the torso). Pupils will make use of and stick to the respective template predicated on their particular assignment’s needs.

Turabian Template for assignments without any headings

Turabian Template for assignments WITH headings

Go to the Chicago Manual of Style database in Liberty University’s Jerry Falwell Library by logging in and selecting that database (look for database by title, then “C,” and “Chicago handbook of Style).

Helpful Resources

Turabian Chart of Citations

Turabian Bibliography of Reference Examples

Turabian Annotated Bibliography Sample

Sacred Book Guide List

Capitalization Glossary

Movie Tutorial links (these would be updated but they are supplied right right here since some learning pupils nevertheless see them helpful; follow unified pagination guidelines)

Notes-Bibliography Citation Style

  • Utilized in all programs of research utilizing Turabian structure (except guide reviews, designed to use Author-Date structure).
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  • Footnotes would be the favored solution to suggest in-text citations throughout this structure. Liberty University will not allow endnotes.
  • A bibliography can be used to compile sources in one single list during the end for the paper.

Author-Date citation style

  • Only allowed for book review projects at Liberty University.
  • Test paper in Author-Date format for guide review projects just.
  • Chart of Citations in Author-Date format for guide reviews just.
  • Remember that the menu of compiled resources cited in author-date structure is titled sources (as opposed to Bibliography).


  • Utilize margins that are one-inch all edges.
  • The favored font/size is days brand New Roman, 12 pt.
  • Indent all paragraphs within the physical human body for the paper ½”.
  • Double-space the paper that is entire except block quotes, footnotes, bibliography entries, guide listings, dining table titles, and figure captions. Those elements must certanly be single-spaced, with one additional line that is blank to separate your lives them off their elements.


  • The paper must be written in the person that is 3rdhe, she, it) with a dynamic sound, instead of passive sound.
  • Unless a professor especially asks for a paper in first individual (we, me personally, we, us, our) or 2nd person (you, your) language, avoid these in a paper.
  • Be particular and succinct.
  • In historic writing, use simple past tense verbs. Whenever talking about an author’s written work, utilize the tense that is present.
  • We now have a split web page with visuals aimed at understanding and formatting headings. Observe that Turabian requires extra spacing before each going degree, which will be currently programmed in to the templates.
  • Headline instance = all words that are significant frequently people that have 4+ letters, must certanly be capitalized. Utilize headline situation for games of works; names of journals; and first-, second-, and headings that are third-level.
  • Sentence situation = just the very very first page associated with very first term, appropriate nouns, together with term after a colon, if any, has to start with money letters. Utilize phrase instance for 4th- and headings that are fifth-level.
  • Include quote markings round the games of shorter works (for example., articles or poems); usage italics for the true names of larger works (in other words., publications or plays).

Title Web Web Web Page

  • Liberty University now utilizes one universal name page structure for many programs and quantities of research
  • Test name web web web page (see additionally templates)


  • The name web web page is theoretically web web page one, nonetheless it never ever has a full page quantity
  • Pagination for the matter that is fore if any (such as the dining dining dining table of articles), uses lowercase Roman numerals (i, ii), within the center base regarding the web page. Start with ii, to take into account the name web web page position.
  • Your body of this paper for several Liberty University classes utilizes Arabic numbers (1, 2, 3) into the corner that is top-right. It starts with page 1.
  • Start to see the pagination movie guide.